A lasting tribute to victims of a disaster
It was a tragic tale of sudden loss and unbridled terror as a fireball ripped through a Yorkshire munitions factory in Low Moor at the height of wartime Britain.
It cost 40 lives. Men, women, factory workers and neighbours; firefighters and a policeman who came to their aid.
And until now, the full events of the Low Moor Munitions explosion in 1916 have never been fully recorded.
Due to wartime reporting restrictions, the names of those who lost their lives have never been revealed. Their story has never been told.
But the diligent efforts of a local history group have uncovered the bare bones. And for the first time - from an unknown man with no name to a career criminal with several - their identities have been revealed.
“We remember them,” said Mary Twentyman, of the Low Moor History Group. “That’s what’s important.”
A fire broke out at the Low Moor Munitions Works in Bradford on August 21, 2016. Factory fire fighters tried in vain to battle the blaze but it soon spread. They called for help, raising the alarm and calling out to fellow workers to leave as quickly as they could.
“There was about 15 minutes when people could escape before the big explosion,” said Mrs Twentyman. “That saved most people. But a lot of factory workers were killed fighting the blaze. It was their bravery which cost them their lives.”
Bradford firefighters soon arrived on site to help. “The engine had not been in there long at all when there was a second explosion and it blew up in the air,” said Mrs Twentyman. “By the time it landed back on the ground it was a charred wooden chassis.
“Of the 18 firemen, six were killed and 12 were badly injured.”
But the worst was yet to come. As the blaze spread, it reached a storage area where gas was kept.
“It caused a huge fireball, rumoured to have been seen from as far away as York,” said Mrs Twentyman. “They could only identify the firefighters from the numbers on their axes. They’ve no idea who died how, only by where they were found.”
Mrs Twentyman, with fellow history group member Barbara Reardon, has now researched the stories of those who died.
“One of the men was said to be an ‘unknown man’,” she said. “We think he was Thomas Woodfine, of Kent. Because he was single, nobody saw him off that morning. This poor man has never been properly identified.”
A plaque was unveiled last Wednesday at a site near the disaster 100 years ago.
There have been commemorations before; a statue stands outside fire service headquarters in Birkenshaw and there is a plaque in Victoria Park in Oakenshaw. But this is unique as it has, for the first time, the names of all 40 people who were killed on that day.
The plaque was paid for by the Low Moor History Group and donations from a local firm, it was unveiled before senior police, fire, and council officials.
And before the descendants of those who died.
“Their families didn’t talk about it,” said Mrs Twentyman. “Some families didn’t know.”
“The people who it really affected kept it to themselves. It’s 100 years. But we now know their names.
“We must remember the people who have gone before. We are who we are because of what’s happened in the past.”